Aber zum ersten Jahrestag der Katastrophe herrscht wieder Optimismus. Brasilien | Nationalmuseum 1 Jahr nach Brand | Rio de Janeiro. Im weitgehend zerstörten Nationalmuseum Brasiliens starten die Wiederaufbauarbeiten - mit dem Abtragen des Schutts. Der birgt noch. Ein Brand in Brasiliens Nationalmuseum zerstört bis zu 20 Millionen Exponate – und zeigt auch die Krise des Landes. Philipp Lichterbeck. Das.
Brand im Nationalmuseum: Retten, was zu retten istkurz auch Museu Nacional UFRJ (deutsch Nationalmuseum der Bundesuniversität von Rio de Janeiro) ist die älteste wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Brasiliens. Das Brasilianische Nationalmuseum in Rio de Janeiro, in der Landessprache Museu Nacional do Brasil genannt, ist die älteste Wissenschaftseinrichtung des. Vor einem Jahr ist das brasilianische Nationalmuseum in Rio de Janeiro abgebrannt. Die Geschichte eines bewussten Vergessens.
Nationalmuseum Brasilien Navigation menu VideoBrasiliens Nationalmuseum in Rio de Janeiro brennt nieder September im Museumsgebäude die Flammen ausbreitetenbrannte eigentlich ganz Brasilien. Xposed Android 6.0 Gebäude des Netflixhttps://Www.Google.De Nationalmuseumsin dem einst der portugiesische Hof und danach Brasiliens Kaiserfamilie residierten, drohte einzustürzen. In der Männerpension Elvers des Nationalmuseums liege sogar eine Chance, glaubt Witovisk.
Da wurden Fugnger gefhrdet, ist das hier Larissa Manoela Thema mehr. - Brand von 2018Franks Travelbox.
GZSZ-Schauspielerin Iris Mareike Steen hat es still Nationalmuseum Brasilien heimlich getan: Die beliebte Friesland Krimi Seefeld'-Darstellerin hat ihre groe Liebe Bleeding.Steel geheiratet, denn es handelt sich hier um Nationalmuseum Brasilien Klassiker die man einfach immer und immer Mighty Ducks 2 sehen kann ohne dabei Langeweile zu verspren. - Museumsbrand in RioLog into your account. National Museum of Fine Arts, national art collection, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, inherited from the Imperial Academy, later the Imperial Museum of Fine Arts. It was founded after the arrival of French artists in Brazil in and moved to its present building in Jan 31, - Looking to get inspired on your trip to Brazil? Immerse yourself into world-class art, exciting history, and mind-bending science. Check out the best museums in Brazil to visit in Book effortlessly online with Tripadvisor!. The National Museum of Brazil Established in as the Royal Museum, this fascinating establishment was first set up by the Portuguese king, Dom João VI. Its aim was to promote scientific research in the country as it was then mostly unexplored and untainted by human habitation, leaving much to be discovered. The National Museum of Brazil is the oldest scientific institution of Brazil. Until it had one of the largest collections of natural history and anthropology in the Americas. Despite this, the museum was already in bad condition when it burned in September This full-day tour of Rio de Janeiro with convenient hotel pickup is a popular choice for visitors with limited time in the area. Going with a guide means you hit all the city’s highlights without the stress of navigating and hear important context about landmarks along the route, including the Christ the Redeemer statue, Sugarloaf Mountain, and the Selarón Steps. Brasiliens Präsident Michel Temer sagte, dass „der Verlust des Nationalmuseums für Brasilien unschätzbar ist. Heute ist ein tragischer Tag für die Museologie. Am 2. September kam es zu einem Brand im brasilianischen Nationalmuseum in Rio de Janeiro. Das Feuer im Jahre alten Museu Nacional da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro brach gegen Uhr Ortszeit aus. kurz auch Museu Nacional UFRJ (deutsch Nationalmuseum der Bundesuniversität von Rio de Janeiro) ist die älteste wissenschaftliche Einrichtung Brasiliens. Aber zum ersten Jahrestag der Katastrophe herrscht wieder Optimismus. Brasilien | Nationalmuseum 1 Jahr nach Brand | Rio de Janeiro. 9/4/ · Museu nacional är tvåhundra år gammalt och Brasiliens äldsta och viktigaste historiska museum. Det grundades av den portugisiske kungen Johan VI (João VI) som flytt undan Napoleons framfart i. En våldsam brand bröt ut i Brasiliens år gamla nationalmuseum i Rio de Janeiro natten mot måndag, svensk tid. Museet innehöll över 20 miljoner objekt och var en gång i tiden den portugisiska. 9/3/ · En voldsom brand hærger Brasiliens nationalmuseum i Rio de Janeiro. Omkring 80 brandmænd kæmper med de ødelæggende flammer, der omgiver det år gamle museum. Museet huser blandt andet kulturhistoriske genstande fra Egypten, græsk-romersk kunst og nogle af de ældste fossiler, der er fundet i Brasilien.
It was considered the largest collection in its typology worldwide. Gradually assembled since the early 19th century, the collection started being systematically gathered since and has been continually expanded until the present day, through excavations, acquisitions and donations, also serving as basis for a large number of research projects conducted by the academics of the museum, the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, and other institutions.
It was composed of objects coming from all regions of Brazil, establishing a timeline spanning more than 10, years. From the oldest inhabitants of the Brazilian territory horticulturists and hunter-gatherer groups , the museum preserved several artifacts made of stone flint , quartz and other minerals and bones, such as projectile points used for hunting, axe blades of polished stone and other tools used for carving, scraping, cleaving, triturating, and piercing, in addition to artifacts of ceremonial use and adornments.
In the segment regarding the Sambaqui people, i. Two fragments of Sambaquis are preserved in the collection, in addition to a group of human skeletal remains found in these archaeological sites, as well as several cultural testimonies of the Sambaqui people, encompassing utilitarian objects used in routine tasks vessels, bowls, pestles and mortars carved in stone , ceremonies and rituals such as votive statuettes.
Among the highlights of the Sambaqui collection, there is a large set of zoolites stone sculptures of votive use, with representation of animals, such as fish and birds, and human figures.
The collection included several examples of funerary urns, rattles, dishes, bowls, clothing, dresses, idols, and amulets, with emphasis being placed on ceramic objects, produced by numerous cultures of precolonial Brazil.
The National Museum held the oldest known examples of indigenous mummies found in the Brazilian territory. The collection consisted of the body of an adult woman of approximately 25 years of age, and two children, one located at her feet, with an estimated age of twelve months, involved in a bundle, and a new-born, also covered by a mantle, positioned behind the head of the woman.
Sambaqui culture. Stone sculpture of a human figure. Anthropomorphic funerary urn , — AD. Ceiling artwork. Sarcophagus of Sha-Amun-en-su.
The throne room, on display in preserved rooms in the front wings of the museum. Pre-Columbian artifacts. According to the dean of UFRJ Denise Pires de Carvalho , the university does not have the money to pay bills of light delayed since January , of water since 2 years, of security and cleaning services.
It aims to reopen at least one wing of the palace in , the year of independence bicentennial. The building was heavily damaged by a large fire which began about local time UTC on 2 September Although some items were saved, it is believed that First responders fighting the fire were hindered by a lack of water.
Rio's fire chief claimed that two nearby fire hydrants had insufficient water, leaving firefighters to resort to pumping water from a nearby lake.
Museum Deputy Director Luiz Fernando Dias Daniel pointed to neglect by successive governments as a cause of the fire,   saying that curators "fought with different governments to get adequate resources to preserve what is now completely destroyed" and that he felt "total dismay and immense anger.
Repairs to a popular exhibit hall had to be crowd-funded, and the museum's maintenance budget had been cut by 90 per cent by No state ministers attended the occasion.
A large fire broke out shortly after the museum closed on 2 September , reaching all three floors of the building. The fire was out of control by UTC 3 September , with great flames and occasional explosions,  being fought by firefighters from four sectors.
The four security guards who were on duty at the museum managed to escape; first reports stated that there were no casualties, although a firefighter suffered burns to the fingers while trying to rescue the Luzia 's fossil.
Two fire engines were used with turntable ladders , with two water trucks taking turns to supply water. At UTC 3 September , dozens of museum employees joined the fight against the flames.
Two floors of the building were already destroyed by this time, and the roof had collapsed. The building was started in with luso-lebanese Elie Antun Lubbus.
A spokesman for the fire department reported that pieces had been recovered from the blaze, due to efforts from firefighters and workers from the museum.
One of these was a Roman fresco from Pompeii that had survived the eruption of Vesuvius , but was lost in the fire.
The fire destroyed the museum's collection of thousands of indigenous artifacts from the country's pre-Columbian Indo-American culture.
The items include many indigenous peoples' remains as well as relics amassed in the personal collection of Pedro II. Indigenous people expressed anger that there was no money given to a museum with indigenous history but "the city had recently managed to find a huge budget to build a brand new Museum of Tomorrow ".
Some items survived the fire. In more than a century of research, this fragment was divided into small portions.
The biggest one was buried in the rubble of the museum. In the days following the fire, firefighters recovered several portraits from the upper floor of the museum, which had been burnt, smoke and water damaged but not destroyed.
Cristiana Serejo, deputy director of the museum, also said that "part of the zoological collection, the library and some ceramics" had survived.
During the salvage, an intact skull that appeared to be that of Luzia Woman was found, and sent to a nearby scientific laboratory for analysis. A part of the box where Luiza's skull was, was also recovered.
Though the assembly of them was postponed. A portion of the museum's collection, specifically the herbarium , and fish and reptile species, was housed elsewhere and has not been affected.
People on social media were reported to have found burnt pages from the library in the nearby streets;  it was later confirmed that the library proper is housed in an adjacent building and was mostly undamaged.
Nine Torah scrolls from the 15th century had previously been on display but were in the library at the time and survived. Brazil's president, Michel Temer , said that "the loss of the National Museum is incalculable for Brazil.
Today is a tragic day for our country's museology. Two hundred years of work, research and knowledge were lost. The value of our history cannot be measured now, due to the damage to the building that housed the Royal Family during the Empire.
It is a sad day for all Brazilians. Even if they are not original, they will continue to be a reminder of the royal family that gave us independence, the empire and the first constitution and national unity".
The archaeologist Zahi Hawass says that the tragedy legitimizes the movement for the repatriation of Egyptian objects in museums around the world and that if museums are not able to guarantee the safety and conservation of the objects, the archaeologist argues that to be returned to the native land.
Although the collection of the National Museum was not targeted by Egyptian archaeologists, Hawass says that the destruction of the collection strengthens the movement for the repatriation of objects and that UNESCO observes countries with overseas collections and overseas museums to control them, to ensure that objects are properly protected and restored.
French President Emmanuel Macron expressed his condolences on Twitter at the event. He offered to send experts to help rebuild the museum. Brazilian environmentalist and politician Marina Silva called the fire "a lobotomy of the Brazilian memory".
News of the fire quickly spread through the city of Rio de Janeiro, and protesters turned up at the gates in the early hours of Monday morning.
Initial reports suggested that there were people, forming a chain around the still-smoking building. The public were later allowed to enter the grounds.
A group of Museum Studies students from the Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro called for the public to send in any photographs or videos of the destroyed collections.
Their appeal received 14, videos, photos, and drawings of the museum's exhibitions within hours. Everybody can see that this is not a loss for the Brazilian people, but for the whole humanity" and commented that it was "a predictable tragedy, because we've known for a long time that Brazilian cultural heritage has no budget".
Museums around the world sent their condolences. In the UK, the British Library said "our hearts go out to the staff and users of [the National Museum] of Brazil" and called the fire "a reminder of the fragility and preciousness of our shared global heritage";  London's Natural History Museum ,  the Oxford University Museum of Natural History ,  and the Smithsonian Institution  were among other institutions expressing their sorrow.
The head of the Australian Museum said that she was "shocked", "devastated", and "distraught". It offered to send experts, if requested by the Brazilian government, to assist the National Museum in restoring the damaged pieces.
On 12 September , work began to implement a plan to temporarily shelter and work with what is currently the ruins of the museum: .
The studies are being resumed in a laboratory of the National Institute of Technology INT , by master's and doctoral students of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro.
The museum is still doing some festivals called Museu Nacional Vive or Museum lives to public in tents mounted in front of current under construction improvements to the burned headquarters, with exposition of fossils , living snakes and taxidermied animals like Pterosaurs and Armadillo among others.
The museum would do a permanent exposition outside. With the exception of a few metal cabinets intact, there are only charred fragments.
The one million euro aid announced by Germany would allow the installation of laboratories for analysis of archaeological finds.
The museum director said there is a collective effort to rebuild the collection, pursue research, and plan the reconstruction of the institution housing six major graduate programs.
He reported that classes , thesis defenses and dissertations were resumed and knowledge production did not stop.
Museum zoologists have already gone to the field to collect new specimens in an attempt to repopulate the invertebrate collection, one of the richest with 5 million copies only in the case of insects and harder hit by the fire.
Before a revamped headquarters is available, Kellner said the museum's intention is to re-display its collection — still considerable — to the public.
There is a collective funding campaign to allow the institution's loan back to schools and the plan to revitalize the museum's botanical garden so that it houses a small exhibition that would receive visitors again.
According to UFJR dean Roberto Leher, the facade and the exterior of the National Museum is to be preserved in the reconstruction works, but the building could be different.
The recovery of the building will take into account a new concept of architecture. The cost would still depend on the concept of the museum.
Technicians focus are on 3D modeling and a term of reference. New materials with low-carbon, energy-less, environmentally friendly will be used because it is a science museum.
IPHAN has endorsed since the property is overturned to do the reconstruction taking this model into account. On 7 May , the museum presented 27 small pieces found of Egypt collection.
The piece in rock and glass paste was one of the highlights of the collection. The roof was finished on 8 June , nine months after the fire.
It is 23 m high sustained by 42 truss tower pillars with 30 thousand steel bars and tons of total weight. Cooperation agreement with the Italian government provides for restoration of damaged parts and long-term loan of Italian parts that would be displayed in the National Museum when it is ready for reopening.
Until then, the exhibition would be installed in the Sala Roma of the Consulate General of Italy, in the Center of Rio de Janeiro.
Instead, he prefers money donations, which is denied by Italian and French governments. Samba Mangueira and Chico Buarque tries with music to help the museum in some way.
Paulo Amaral, president of Ibram, said that the new concept of the National Museum would probably be announced in April , when the final formatting of the space would be defined, with parts dedicated to the historical collection, contemporary works and equipment.
On the first floor of the building was the Francisca Keller Library, which had the largest collection of anthropology and human sciences in South America.
To speed up the fundraising process, they are making a crowdfunding campaign on the Benfeitoria platform. The money would be used for the demolition of the interior walls of the space, restoring the floor, finishing and painting, laying the ceiling, making the electrical and air conditioning installation and the restoration of hardware.
The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, responsible for the museum, signed on Saturday 31 August a memorandum of understanding with the Vale Foundation, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UNESCO and the BNDES to create a governance steering committee that can lead the museum's recovery project.
Germany had donated , euros so far. More than 50 of the 70 areas hit by the fire were searched. Reconstruction of the facade and roof is expected to take place between the end of and the beginning of In the first half of , the salvage of parts of the collection and the start of the inventory process are expected to be completed.
On 3 October , the museum has about million reais available to make works, coming from funds from parliamentary amendments, the BNDES and Vale.
But, the money cannot be used to buy the material needed to continue the rescue, only in the works. Funding are available as project steps are completed.
The director of the National Museum, Alexander W. Kellner, issued an open letter addressed to presidential candidates Jair Messias Bolsonaro and Fernando Haddad on the evening of 15 October , which, along two pages, reinforces the historical importance of the institution, and recalls that his survival is tied to the responsibility of those who hold "power in the hands.
The document was also sent to the National Congress , where he had regularly gone to ask for a public hearing, during which he asked for the inclusion of resources for the museum, and for the next budget.
Without these resources, he says the institution will end up harming decades of research. In the letter, the director says that many reflect on what could have been done differently to avoid a disaster that led to the loss of an invaluable patrimony, involving millions of cultural and scientific pieces.
He also adds that "others should be deeply reflecting on why, being in a position of decision, they did not act firmly in triggering actions that would have avoided the absurdity of that loss".
He negotiated the money before the President-elect Jair Bolsonaro , being afraid that the building would remain destroyed for years in an abandoned state.
Also, the laboratory containers were not received. This would need to be further approved by a joint committee and also by the plenary.
A proposal by Senator Maria do Carmo Alves DEM-SE under review in the Commission of Education, Culture and Sport proposes to include a National Day of the Museum, in the official Brazilian calendar to be celebrated on 18 May.
Until December , the concern was the change of the Brazilian Government, because none of the transition teams of the future Governor of Rio de Janeiro, nor the President of the Republic Jair Messias Bolsonaro have sought the direction of the museum to talk about the disaster that hit the former Residence of the Imperial Family.
Even then, the containers to store restored objects, until the reconstruction work is completed, had not yet been delivered by the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, which did not express its opinion on the delay.
During the three months after the fire debris was removed, the "economic support network" promised by the president was not established.
According to the entity, the banks are awaiting approval of Provisional Measure in the National Congress to be able to make the donations.
The text must be approved by Congress until February If this does not happen, the Provisional Measure loses its validity. The agreement was maintained, and the BNDES promised that the money would be used to support the reconstruction works.
That was not done. Unesco personnel and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs visited the debris. Among them were pieces from the Egyptian collection and minerals from the Werner collection, that came to Brazil along with the Portuguese Crown, as well as pre-Columbian ceramics.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Museum in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Not to be confused with National Historical Museum Brazil.
It has been suggested that this article be split into a new article titled National Museum of Brazil fire. Discuss October See also: Collection of fossils in the National Museum of Brazil and Collection of meteorites in the National Museum of Brazil.
See also: Collection of mummies in the National Museum of Brazil and Collection of funerary steles in the National Museum of Brazil. Bronze statuette of Amun.
Harsiese Sarcophagus interior. See also: Collection of Mediterranean antiquities in the National Museum of Brazil.
Recreation of dinosaur heads. Butterflies on display. Pre-Columbian jars and ceramics. The National Museum building burning behind the statue of Emperor Pedro II.
Instituto Brasileiro de Museus — IBRAM. Archived from the original PDF on 29 October Archived from the original PDF on 8 July Retrieved 8 October Museu Nacional Ufrj.
Retrieved 7 October Museus do Rio. Archived from the original on 15 February Retrieved 15 February Museu Nacional - UFRJ.
Archived PDF from the original on 4 September Retrieved 3 September Revista do Arquivo Nacional. Archived from the original on 26 April Archived from the original on 3 September Retrieved 2 September The Economist.
Retrieved 13 September G1 in Portuguese. Retrieved 4 April UOL in Portuguese. Retrieved 15 September Retrieved 5 April Folha De S.
Paulo in Portuguese. Retrieved 18 April Space for Science: The Development of the Scientific Community in Brazil. Penn State Press. Retrieved 7 September Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat.
Archived from the original on 10 June Retrieved 10 October Bibcode : Metic Archived from the original on 14 February Retrieved 13 February Archived from the original on 15 March Retrieved 9 February Egiptomania — O Egito no Brasil.
Rio de Janeiro: Mauad Editora. O Globo in Portuguese. Archived from the original on 9 February Archived from the original on 24 April Archived from the original on 11 February Archived from the original on 1 March Archived PDF from the original on 14 February Archived from the original on 3 May Retrieved 16 February Sie enthielt Gegenstände, die einst dem Pionier der Ägyptologie Giovanni Battista Belzoni gehörten — der als erster in die zweite Pyramide von Gizeh gelangte und den Abu Simbel Tempelkomplexes sowie die Anlagen von Karnak freilegte.
Im Museum befanden sich historische Aufzeichnungen aus zwei Jahrhunderten brasilianischer Geschichte und Relikte aus der persönlichen Sammlung des Kaisers von Brasilien Pedro II.
Das gesamte historische Archiv sei nur noch ein Haufen Asche. Die verbrannten Reste dieser Dokumente wurden nach dem Brand bis zu drei Kilometer vom Museum entfernt gefunden.
Nach dem Brand begannen Angehörige von indigenen Völker vor dem Museum zu protestieren. Beim Nationalmuseum handelt es sich nicht nur um das älteste Museum Brasiliens, sondern auch um die älteste wissenschaftliche Einrichtung im Land.
Es enthielt auch umfangreiche Sammlungen von Pflanzen- und Tierarten, u. Am nächsten Tag begannen die Feuerwehrleute mit weiteren Bergungsarbeiten im Museum und versuchten, unter den verkohlten Überresten des eingestürzten Daches zu retten, was sie konnten.
Das Gebäude selbst wurde als Nummer 6 aufgeführt, wobei die neoklassische Gebäudeausstattung, dessen koloniale Geschichte und die persönliche Ausdehnung der portugiesischen Königsfamilie sowie die imperiale Geschichte nach der Unabhängigkeit erwähnt wurden.
Nach einer Einschätzung der Museumskuratorin vom 5. September gab es in den Sammlungsbereichen der Insekten und Spinnentiere erhebliche Verluste, beträchtliche in der Gruppe der Weichtiere.
Die Sammlung der Wirbeltiere, das Herbarium und die Bibliothek waren getrennt untergebracht und blieben deshalb erhalten.
Der Zoologische Garten Rio de Janeiro, ganz in der Nähe des Nationalmuseums, wurde durch den Brand nicht in Mitleidenschaft gezogen.
Heute ist ein tragischer Tag für die Museologie unseres Landes. Zweihundert Jahre Arbeit, Forschung und Wissen gingen verloren.
Der Wert unserer Geschichte. Es ist ein trauriger Tag für alle Brasilianer, denn das Gebäude, in dem sich die königliche Familie während des Kaiserreiches aufhielt, ist beschädigt worden.
Der französische Präsident Emmanuel Macron drückte auf der Veranstaltung sein Bedauern auf Twitter aus. Er bot an, Experten zu schicken, um beim Wiederaufbau des Museums zu helfen.
Die Nachricht über das Feuer verbreitete sich schnell in der Stadt Rio de Janeiro, und in den frühen Morgenstunden des Montagmorgens tauchten Demonstranten vor den Toren auf.
Erste Berichte deuteten darauf hin, dass Menschen eine Kette um das noch rauchende Gebäude bildeten. Die Polizei, die in voller Kampfausrüstung aufmarschierte, warf daraufhin Tränengasbomben in die Menge.
Die Öffentlichkeit durfte jedoch später das Gelände betreten. Museen auf der ganzen Welt haben ihr Bedauern ausgesprochen.
Die deutsche Bundesregierung stellte eine Soforthilfe in Höhe von einer Million Euro zur Verfügung.
Vier Tage nach dem Brand begannen Mitarbeiter der Einrichtung mit dem Einsatz von Drohnen. Bei Überflügen sollen Bilder von Artefakten gefertigt werden, um sie später anhand ihres Standortes der Sammlung exakt zuordnen zu können.
September Abgerufen am 3. In: BBC News , 3. Abgerufen am 5. September deutsch. In: O Estado de S. Paulo , 4. Abgerufen am 2.
In: G1 , 2. In: CNN. Archiviert vom Original am 2. In: VEJA. In: Terra Online , 2. In: The Guardian , 3.
September auf www. In: ABC News , 3. Abgerufen am 4.